Founded in 1989, Western Sydney University is ranked in the top 2 percent of universities in the world. Over 85 per cent of the University's assessed research has been ranked at world class or better. The University is home to several research institutes: Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment; NICM Health Research Institute; Institute for Culture and Society; MARCS Institute for Brain, Behaviour and Development; Australia-China Institute for Arts and Culture and the Translational Health Research Institute. Each institute enhances the University's research strengths and expertise in areas such as climate change, water conservation, smart engineering, the changing social landscape and human-machine communication. The University boasts unique campuses across Western Sydney including Bankstown, Campbelltown, Hawkesbury, Liverpool City, Nirimba (Blacktown), Parramatta, Parramatta City, Penrith and Sydney City. Western Sydney University, The College, owned by the University, offers university pathway courses and VET courses at Bankstown, Nirimba, and Sydney Olympic Park. With a student population of more than 49,000 and 3,000 staff, Western Sydney University has grown to be one of the largest universities in Australia. The University is closely linked to Western Sydney, one of the nation's economic powerhouses where ten per cent of all Australians live, and has a teaching and research structure designed to meet the challenges of today's economy. Western Sydney University offers students a wide range of traditional disciplines combined with the latest in innovative thinking. Courses are delivered through innovative, relevant, engaging and flexible study options.